This is a short example of how to get the home directory location in linux in a C program. There is really a few choices here and depending on what your requirements are you might want to use one or other methods. The first method can be changed by the user. The second method cannot. However if the first method fails you should drop fall back on the other method.

The simple method is to pull the environment variable "HOME"

The slightly more complex method is to read it from the system user database.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

int main(int argc, char **argv) {
        char *homedir = getenv("HOME");

        if (homedir != NULL) {
                printf("Home dir in enviroment");
                printf("%s\n", homedir);
        }

        uid_t uid = getuid();
        struct passwd *pw = getpwuid(uid);

        if (pw == NULL) {
                printf("Failed\n");
                exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
        }

        printf("%s\n", pw->pw_dir);

        return 0;
}




Last Modified: 12 December 2016

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